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A Community-level Hiv Prevention Intervention for Inner-city Women: Results of the Women and Infants Demonstration Projects
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This study examined the effects of a multisite community-level HIV prevention intervention on women's condom-use behaviors. The theory-based behavioral intervention was implemented with low-income, primarily African American women in four urban communities. At baseline, 68% of the women had no intention of using condoms with their main partners and 70% were not using condoms consistently with other partners. After 2 years of intervention activities, increases in rates of talking with main partners about condoms were significantly larger in intervention communities than in comparison communities. Intervention communities also had significant increases in the proportion of women who had tried to get their main partners to use condoms. The trends for condom use with other partners were similar but nonsignificant. The authors conclude that many women at risk for HIV infections are still not using condoms and community-level interventions may be an effective way to reach large numbers of women and change their condom-use behaviors, particularly their behaviors with regard to communication with main sex partners. (Authors)
American Journal of Public Health 90(2): 216-222, 2000.
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A program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services