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Rural Housing and Welfare Reform: HAC's 1997 Report on the State of the Nation's Rural Housing
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This report, prepared by the Housing Assistance Council (HAC), presents the context within which welfare reform will affect the housing conditions of rural Americans. HAC is a nonprofit corporation that supports the development of rural low-income housing nationwide. Although the federal welfare reform legislation effective in 1997 makes few changes to housing programs, it will affect many welfare recipients' housing conditions. Reducing income support programs and food stamps means reducing the funds these families have available to pay for housing. In rural areas, making welfare reform succeed may be especially difficult because of the lack of resources such as transportation, child care, and job training necessary to support the transition from welfare to work. The first part of the report presents data on all rural residents and their housing, and compares them to urban and suburban residents. Data cover housing affordability, housing quality, overcrowded housing, housing problems of African American and Hispanic households, housing problems of elderly households, and availability of subsidized housing compared to need. Part 2 focuses on rural families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent children, examining demographic characteristics; income; factors in welfare reform's success (access to jobs, child care, transportation, and education); and housing conditions. The report relies primarily on microdata (released in 1997) from the 1995 American Housing Survey, conducted every 2 years by the Bureau of the Census for the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Contains 17 figures and 9 extensive data tables. Table elements of particular interest to educators are the following: 1) table 7B: education level of householder, by residence (city, suburb, rural), 1995; 2) table 8B: education level of householder with welfare income, by residence (city, suburb, rural), 1995; 3) 9B: education level of householder in rural households with welfare income, by percent of income from earnings, 1995. (Authors)
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Washington, D.C.
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