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Patterns of Substance Use Among Patients in an Urban Psychiatric Emergency Service
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Data from patients visiting an urban psychiatric emergency service in California were examined to document incidence and patterns of substance use and ethnic differences among users. A total of 392 patients were randomly assigned to receive a drug screen (N=198) or to receive usual care (N=194). Forty-four percent of the mandatory screened patients had positive screens for any substances: 37% were positive for any drugs, and 7% were positive for alcohol only. Cocaine was present in 62% of the drug-positive screens. Blacks were two and a half times more likely than whites to have positive screens for drugs and five times more likely to have positive screens for cocaine. (Authors)
Journal
2000
Psychiatric Services
51
1
113-115
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A program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services