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Differences in Personal, Cognitive, Psychological, and Social Factors Associated with Drug and Alcohol Use and Nonuse by Homeless Women
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The purpose of this study was to compare differences in personal, cognitive, behavioral, psychological, and social variables among homeless women who were current drug or alcohol users, or both, past drug or alcohol users, or both, and those who never used drugs or alcohol. The sample consisted of 1,013 women residing in 73 Los Angeles homeless shelters. Depression, anxiety, hostility, emotion-focused coping, lower self-esteem, and less social support were more prevalent among homeless women who continued to use drugs and alcohol than among past users or those who never used. AIDS knowledge was higher among past users. The results contribute important knowledge regarding the pattern of cognitive, psychological, and social differences between users and nonusers. (Authors)
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A program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services